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A shekarar 2021, yawancin Habashawa sun san yadda ake rigakafin Covid-19, amma da yawa ba sa amfani da iliminsu a aikace.

Hausa translation of DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0234585

Published onSep 30, 2023
A shekarar 2021, yawancin Habashawa sun san yadda ake rigakafin Covid-19, amma da yawa ba sa amfani da iliminsu a aikace.
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Ilimi da aiki don rigakafin cutar ta COVID-19 tsakanin mazauna Habasha.

Nazarin ƙetare kan layi

ShimfiƊda

An dauki cutar daga sabon coronavirus (COVID-19) a matsayin abin damuwa na duniya da kuma annoba da ta fara daga ayyana Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya (WHO) a matsayin barkewar cutar.

Muradai

Manufar wannan binciken ita ce tantance rigakafin ilimi da ayyuka game da cutar ta COVID-19 tsakanin mazauna Habasha.

Hanyoyi

An gudanar da wani binciken sashin layi na kan layi tsakanin samfurin mazauna Habasha ta hanyar dandalin zamantakewa na hanyar sadarwar marubucin tare da shahararrun kafofin watsa labarun kamar Facebook, Telegram, da imel.

An yi amfani da samfurin ƙwallon ƙanƙara don ɗaukar mahalarta.

A yin haka, mun tattara martanin mahalarta 341 cikin nasara daga 15 zuwa 22 ga Afrilu, 2020.

An yi nazarin bayanan da aka tattara ta hanyar software ta STATA version 14 kuma an yi amfani da ƙididdiga masu bayyanawa don taƙaita ilimin da ayyukan al'umma game da cutar ta COVID-19.

Sakamako

Yawancin masu amsa kashi 80.5% maza ne.

Kusan kashi 91.2% na mahalarta sun ji labarin cutar ta COVID-19.

Haka kuma, daga cikin mahalarta 341 90.0%, 93.8% daga cikinsu sun san cewa an hana cutar ta COVID-19 ta hanyar kiyaye nesantar jama'a da kuma wanke hannu akai-akai, bi da bi.

Wannan yana nuna cewa ilimin rigakafin mahalarta game da COVID-19 ta hanyar kiyaye nesantar jama'a da yawan wanke hannu ya yi yawa.

Koyaya, daga cikin mahalarta 341 kawai 61%,84% daga cikinsu sun yi tazarar zamantakewa da kuma yawan wanke hannu zuwa ga COVID-19, bi da bi.

Kammalawa

Yawancin mahalarta sun san hanyoyin kare kansu daga sabon coronavirus (COVID-19), amma akwai babbar matsala ta canza wannan ilimin rigakafin zuwa ayyuka.

Wannan yana nuna cewa akwai tazarar aiki tsakanin samun ilimin rigakafin COVID-19 da aiwatar da shi cikin ayyuka don magance yaduwar COVID-19 tsakanin al'ummomi.

Don haka ya kamata hukumar da abin ya shafa ta mayar da hankali wajen wayar da kan al’umma da ilmantar da al’umma dangane da aiwatar da ilimin rigakafin ga ayyuka.


A shekarar 2021, yawancin Habashawa sun san yadda ake rigakafin Covid-19, amma da yawa ba sa amfani da iliminsu a aikace.

A shekarar 2021, yawancin Habashawa sun san yadda ake rigakafin Covid-19, amma da yawa ba sa amfani da iliminsu a aikace.

A cikin 2021, masu bincike sun ba da rahoton cewa yawancin mazauna Habasha sun san cewa nisantar da jama'a da wanke hannu na iya taimakawa hana yaduwar SARS-CoV-2, kwayar cutar da ta haifar da cutar ta Covid-19 ta duniya.

Amma masu binciken sun ce da yawa a zahiri ba sa aiwatar da waɗannan matakan a aikace, don haka sun ba da shawarar cewa hukumomi su kara himma don ƙarfafa mutane su bi.

Covid-19 cuta ce mai kisa ta numfashi da ke yaduwa cikin sauri a duniya tare da yin barazanar mamaye tsarin kiwon lafiya da tattalin arzikin kasashe masu tasowa kamar Habasha.

Gwamnati ta fitar da bayanai ga 'yan kasar, a matsayin wani bangare na dokar ta-baci, don taimakawa hana yaduwar cutar ta hanyar wanke hannu akai-akai da kuma sanya tazara tsakanin su da sauran mutane.

Wannan binciken ya binciki mazauna Habasha don auna saninsu game da waɗannan matakan rigakafin, da kuma ko suna amfani da ilimin a aikace.

Masu binciken sun ƙirƙiri takardar tambayoyin kan layi kuma sun raba ta ta hanyar kafofin watsa labarun.

Sun yi wa mutane tambayoyi game da alƙaluma, ko sun ji labarin cutar ta Covid-19 da matakan rigakafin, da kuma ko da gaske sun wanke hannayensu tare da yin nisantar da jama'a.

Mutane 341 sun kammala binciken kan layi, wanda sama da kashi 80% kawai maza ne.

Masu binciken sun ce akasarin wadanda suka amsa wadanda suka fito daga garuruwa kuma masu ilimi sosai, sun san cewa yin taka tsantsan kamar nisantar da jama'a, da guje wa taba fuskokinsu da rungumar wasu, na iya taimakawa wajen hana kamuwa da cuta.

Gabaɗaya, fiye da kashi 90% na mutanen da aka bincika sun san yadda ake taimakawa hana yaxuwar Covid-19, amma kashi 61% kawai sun ce suna yin nisantar da jama'a, kuma kashi 84% sun ce suna wanke hannayensu akai-akai.

Tare da wannan binciken, Habasha ta haɗu da wasu ƙasashe da yawa waɗanda suka kalli yadda 'yan ƙasarsu suke da gaske game da Covid-19 da matakan rigakafi.

Amma masu binciken sun ce ba za su iya samun wasu bincike da yawa da suka duba musamman yadda wannan wayar da kan jama'a ke fassara zuwa aiki ba.

A gaskiya ma, sun ce, aikinsu ya nuna cewa sani ko ilimi ba ya nufin canji a cikin hali.

Masu binciken sun yi gargaɗin cewa ƙila sakamakonsu ba zai zama wakilci ga ɗaukacin jama'a ba tunda takardar tambarin tana samuwa ga mutanen da ke da hanyar intanet kuma waɗanda ke amfani da kafofin watsa labarun.

Har yanzu, sun ce ya kamata hukumomi su wuce sanar da jama'a game da rigakafin Covid-19, tare da nemo hanyoyin karfafa gwiwar 'yan kasa su yi amfani da iliminsu a aikace.

Dukkanin masu binciken da suka gudanar da wannan binciken sun fito ne daga jami'o'i a kasar Habasha, kuma mahalarta dukkansu mazauna Habasha ne.


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