Idemudia, E., Boehnke, K. (2020). Viewpoints of Other Scientists on Migration, Mental Health and PTSD: Review of Relevant Literature. In: Psychosocial Experiences of African Migrants in Six European Countries. Social Indicators Research Series, vol 81. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-48347-0_5
In this chapter, we provide a review of empirical studies conducted on PTSD, mental health and wellbeing of migrants. Most studies suggest that both pre- and post-migration stressors affect the mental health and PTSD of migrants and refugees. In origin countries, trauma exposure and torture posed significant risks to migrants’ mental health. Mental health issues causing significant distress for migrants in host countries include acculturative stress, legal status, family separation, language barrier, poor access to proper healthcare, discrimination, racism, feelings of helplessness, decreased self-esteem, chronic distress and hypervigilance. Among all mental health problems, depression, anxiety and PTSD are considered as most common with respective prevalent figures of 4–40%, 5–44% and 9–36%. Generally, social support and adaptive coping mechanisms were identified as buffers.